HomeHealthWhat are the early warning signs of oral cancer?

What are the early warning signs of oral cancer?

Symptoms of oral or mouth cancer are not that tough to recognise. One will feel sores, lumps, difficulty chewing, and red or white patches in the mouth. The only way to prevent this issue is through early detection and therapy and stop cancer from spreading further to other parts of the mouth. Oral cancer can be treated and prevented with proper precaution and care. The best way to do that is by getting vaccinated for the diseases that trigger cancer, like HPV, and checking for early cancer symptoms.

The article will list the symptoms, the causes, and the prevention methods of mouth cancer. Read on to understand how to prevent, manage, and get rid of this disease completely.

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Why is the detection of mouth cancer important?

Like all other types of cancer, early detection is crucial. Treatment usually involves a mix of different therapies, such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and a few more treatments. This type of treatment is effective if you detect the disease early. But, if cancer spreads to other areas, it will be challenging to get rid of it this quickly.

If the disease is not spreading to other parts, or you detect cancer early, the 5-year survival rates for this cancer of the lip, tongue, and floor of the mouth range from 75 to 93 per cent. The figure falls as cancer spreads. Early detection and oral cancer treatment will help one survive this disease without high risk.

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What are the symptoms/warning signs of mouth cancer?

The symptoms of oral/mouth cancer vary; however, if a person experiences any of the following issues for more than two weeks, they should consult a doctor.

  • Difficulty in swallowing or chewing
  • A sore or lump area in the mouth, lips, or throat
  • Few red or white patches on the mouth
  • Unable to move the jaw or tongue
  • Sudden loss of weight
  • Sore or ulcer that is not healing as usual, continuous bleeding
  • Pain, tenderness, or lump in the mouth or lips

If you have these symptoms for more than two weeks, you must consult a doctor immediately and make the necessary diagnosis.

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What are the causes and risk factors?

The researchers and doctors in the cancer field believe that the mutation of a cell’s DNA is the real cause of cancer. It stimulates the growth of cells or the death in a sudden manner, which is what you call cancer. What causes the trigger is still a debate, but specific reasons and causes play a significant role in increasing the chances of oral cancer.

  • Alcohol and tobacco
  • Age
  • Human Palpillomavirus (HPV)
  • Exposure to sun
  • Sex (males are twice as likely)

Though males are twice as likely to catch mouth cancer, the reasons are still unclear. Most experts believe that it’s because of the lifestyle, and some think it is the male hormones and genetics.

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Can you prevent mouth cancer?

It is not that tough to prevent cancer; you need to change your lifestyle.

  • Stop the use of tobacco
  • Moderate consumption of alcohol
  • Healthy diet
  • Use sunscreen, sunblock, and lip balm when you are exposed to the sun directly
  • Regular exercise
  • Maintain good oral hygiene
  • A visit to the dentist is necessary

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If you follow the abovementioned tips and maintain a good lifestyle, the possibility of mouth cancer is almost nil. But age and sex play a significant role too. Overall, mouth cancer is preventable through good care and early detection.

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